Ignazio Silone (Secondino Tranquilli) had a prominent nose
with a small bump, common to all the Tranquilli family ("naso
according to the fascist police identiy report, dated 16 May
Silone’s nose, together with other details, has been altered
by his accusers.
become straight and sharp. Et
voila, tampered with a point, Silone resembles Hitler!
photograph, the physical image has been as distorted, as his
Starting in 1996 a strange phenomenon occurred which is
still causing much outcry in the Italian and international
Ignazio Silone, the young boy passionate about his political
vocation, the militant politician always with the opposition
anti-fascist during Fascism, anti-Stalin while
Stalin governed international communism --
having always been a spy since his youth. Silone victim of
a pathological duplicity had supposedly been an
informer of his party companions since he was nineteen
years old to the political police
while he was head of the Socialist Youth Federation, then to
the fascist police after he became at twentyone years old
one of the top executives of the Italian Communist Party.
the Italian intellectual
worldwide a leading interpreter of ethics, the
prominent exponent of democratic socialism,
has had his
distinctive features, his personal and historically proven
facts, changed by Dario Biocca e Mauro Canali, two
historians who built their academic careers on the case.
Silone’s entire life and written heritage proof that there
is only one truth about him, and not many truths. (See
"Il filo della vita",
“Cronologia” and “Le Opere”).
historian Giuseppe Tamburrano analizing the same archival
sources as those used by Silone’s accusers, has shown — in
Processo a Silone,
disavventura di un povero cristiano,
2001 and in
2006 — that the information supposedly passsed to the
police by Silone is all typewritten, strictly anonymous and
coming from various people, while the only handwritten
document inspected by a handwriting expert, shows that
Silone did not write it. The accusers, all in all,
attribute to Silone any anonymous document found in the
archives that had not been attribuable to anyone else. As
demonstrated by Giuseppe Tamburrano, the accusers
manipulated the documents adding non existent words or
shifting others in the context; pretending that
Silone did not know
French; provided wrong information regarding a photograph,
Silone appears; maliciously attributed to Silone the code
number OVRA 73.
Furthermore, carried on the wave of enthusiasm for the
reception received, the accusers went so far as
to establish the principle for which the absence from the
police archive of a list they required to support their
accusation, demonstrates with incontrovertible certainty
presence of Silone's name in the absent list! So, the fact
that Silone's name does not appear in the list of spies of
demonstrates that Silone was in the 1930
— that list, however, does not exist! (See “Press
Giuseppe Tamburrano has provided evidence of how Silone (as
head of the clandestine structure of the Communist party,
Silone had the necessary competence) immediately after the
arrest of his brother in 1928
pretended to be an informer, giving harmless and foolish
pieces of news, in an attempt to save his brother from the
he was fourteen years old, Silone helped dig with his bare
hands in the rubble of the Abruzzo
nine year old brother's
face appear, after everyone had given him
up as dead, as he had been buried for five
next to the body of his mother. The brother was the only
family member that Silone had left. Thirteen years later, he
had to try any possible way in the attempt to save him a
second time from a quake of a completely different nature
and help him escape from the grip of fascist torturers.
However, notwithstanding the boy was strong and athletic, he
died following repeated torture: the blows with bags of sand
had pressed down his chest and injured his lungs.
when OVRA realised the uselessness of the information and
the deception, Silone
refused to become a spy.
This is demonstrated by the archival documents as discovered
by Giuseppe Tamburrano. (See “Il filo della vita”).
character and the confession.
accusatorial theorem has been based on two things: the
character and confessions of Silone.
was a weak and fearful boy who, while in Rome, was seduced
and recruited by a policeman and became a professional spy,
until, overcome by remorse, just like any decadent Northern
fled to Swizerland, because only there could he find the
best medical treatment in Europe and the
best psychiatrist in the world to help him solve his mental
problems and help learn to write, for example, a
attempt to redeem himself for the wickeness committed.
Elizabeth Leake has worked at her best on this thesis. (See
However, as at the end of the day, truth will out, Silone,
according to the accusers, gave himself away by letting
slip into his writings, compromising and revealing words,
are the real facts. First of all his public and private
life contradicted totally the theoretical accusations. He
was anything but coward, timid, or easy to persuade, since
his adolescence, and during the first years in Switzerland
he did not suffer psychological disturbances for bad
motives, as he had problems of a completely different
nature. In the difficult circumstances in which he was
living, he was painfully elaborating a conflict, getting
aware of the historical event regarding “The God That Failed”: the degeneration of an ideology to which he had
wholly sacrificed himself. (See “Il filo della vita” and “Cronologia”).
taking his first steps toward a humanistic socialism,
whereby a human life counts more that the abstract adhesion
to an ideology for which the means justify the ends. In the
elaboration of a humanistic socialism, far from the
ideological monsters, he gradually moved toward the creative
subjectivity of art.
regard to the alleged cryptic confessions, it is enough to
have read Silone and know his life. (See “Cronologia” and
is not a painter of the Italian Renaissance, who inserts a
self portrait between the side figures of a work of art.
Silone is a writer who transfigures his strong ideas and
political passions, his soul impulses, his personal
vicissitudes in the main protagonist of his books.
autobiographical part of his works is in the positive
characters and the
is that of the professional revolutionary. In no physical,
psychological or family detail does Murica resemble Silone,
as has been said by the accusers. An obvious falsehood
suggested by others, as the accusers do not seem to have
read all Silone's literary works. Silone's disappointment was immense
when he discovered the
of the ideals by others, including the party for which he
had fought so hard. With regard to
among other occurrences, he himself had witnessed a
behaviour of this kind when he saw his mother's corpse
being robbed while it still lay under the rabble and he was
not yet fifteen. Then, so great was his desperation at what
he had seen and because of the fear that overtook him which
made him run away and hide, that his desperation changed
gives a deep motivation to Silone’s playing all his cards
later, in order to avoid being absent from another
situation which will involve him:
reason profound and intimate that will push him to attempt
to alleviate the suffering of his brother in prison.
roots of the infamy
exceptional and persistent clamour that arose from such a
botched up theory -- which covered with disgrace a man who
until then had been universally respected -- found fertile
ground. (See “Press Review” and previous collection March
has been an
support for the accusers by people who, knowing better,
could have refuted the accusations, soon followed by
insinuations and declarations about Silone bothered by
remorse and schizophrenic. This provided Biocca, Canali,
Leake and others with a pretext of madness and wickedness to
the accusation, otherwise not plausible, on Silone spy
since his early youth and even guilty for the death of his
all, however, Italy is the only European country with a
history of destruction and disappearance of democratic
socialism and the criminalisation of its exponents. Italy,
European country to have both Fascism and the strongest
Communist Party in the whole of the West,
today claims the persistent and substantial organized
presence of ex Fascists and ex Communists, nostalgic for
Unfortunately, the smears against Silone have spread and
flourished in the USA and in Anglo-Saxon countries in
maybe considered that the defence was useless, seeing that
the accusations were endorsed by people of Anglo-Saxon
a powerful figure
Because of his criticism of party and ecclesiastical
apparates, for his militant antitotalitarianism, for his
criticism of wild capitalism, for his utopian and heretical
christianity like Gioacchino da Fiore, Silone is a paradigm
of intellectual freedom and loyalty, a powerful figure who
upsets many people. (See “Le opere” and Silone’s political
and moral essays).
vision, his cultural expression of democratic socialism, non
authoritarian, non violent is in some ways precursory and
makes Silone an icon of worldwide expectancy for the whole
stabunt simul cadent
Silone accused of
being a spy, victim of pathological and monstrous
duplicity, is a death blow to Silone as a writer, seeing
that Silone is a moral writer. The slights to Silone
inevitably destroy his value as a writer.
stabunt simul cadent.
Silone is never mentioned as a great antitotalitarian
intellectual, nor a great writer of the 20'
day now, we could see another "Trial of a corpse" as in the
case of Pope Formoso.
896, Pope Formoso was brought to justice nine months after
his death. He was taken from his tomb, dressed and seated on
the Papal throne. A deacon lent his voice in order to defend
him against charges of insubordination and duplicity.
Whoever wishes to visit Abruzzo to go and dig up Silone's
body, should stop and look at the mountains around Pescina.
At first glance they appear severe and impervious. However,
if you look closely you can see grass, plants and small
bushes which flower in between the rocks.
is like Silone, clearly remembered as a tall person, with a
sweet and deep expression and a superior calm with which in
Italy he endured the political and literary ostracism but
also the melancholy circumstances in which he lived, while
he expressed with strength and power his ideas always the
same, always repeated in his speeches, his articles, his
essays, his literary works. For him "the word be either
yes or no”.